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bahaism in iran

In August 1980, for example, all nine members of the National Spiritual Assembly—an elected national council that forms part of the Bahá’í administrative structure in all countries—together with two individuals serving on other Bahá’í institutions, were abducted by a group of armed men from their meeting in a private home and taken to an unknown location. Since 1979 the Islamic Republic of Iran has waged a widespread, systematic persecution aimed at eradicating the Baha’i religious minority as a viable entity. The Bahāʾī religion originally grew out of the Bābī faith, or sect, which was founded in 1844 by Mīrzā ʿAlī Moḥammad of Shīrāz in Iran. Incidents include arbitrary shop closures, unjust dismissals, the actual or threatened revocation of business licenses, and other actions to suppress the economic activity of Bahá’ís. Some officials have openly encouraged the persecution, and some members of the clergy have preached sermons against the Bahá’í Faith and its adherents. When Bahá’ís have tried to contact newspapers and other media requesting right of reply, they have been ignored, or else mocked for having thought that they would be granted the means to deny published allegations or to present their own point of view. It was learnt in June 2020 that Ms. Fariba Ashtari was sentenced by Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Yazd for membership in groups against the regime, and propaganda against the regime and in the interest of groups against the regime, to five and one years’ respectively, to a total of six years’ imprisonment under tazir law. In the last year, there have been more than 9,511 articles, videos, or web pages appearing in government-controlled or government-sponsored media featuring anti-Bahá’í propaganda. Iran has, to date, been reviewed three times under the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), in February 2010, in October 2014, and more recently in November 2019. In several cases, where the authorities have taken over the burial process altogether, the families concerned were only informed of the location of their loved ones after the burials had already taken place. The officers confiscated all Bahá’í materials, such as books, portraits, prayer books, etc., as well as a mobile phone and laptop. The upsurge in human rights violations against the Bahá’ís in Iran since 2005 has been preceded and accompanied by efforts to incite hatred, distrust, intolerance, and even violence against them. After posting bail, she was repeatedly summoned and interrogated regarding these issues. Iran is violating the most basic human rights of its Baha’i citizens; and, when young Baha’is aren’t allowed to study or enroll in school, it’s a crime. It was learnt in January 2020 that Mr. Kamran Shahidi has been sentenced by Justice Moghiseh at Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran to 5 years of imprisonment. A more recent look (2010) at Bahaism and the situation in Iran can be seen on this link Besides this, the organisational form of Bahaism is completely undemocratic and authoritarian in nature and so thoroughly inconsistent with what you and others have elsewhere called "Australian values," so one is at a loss to understand how the Australian political class can possibly view Bahaism as sharing in anything resembling democratic ideals. Official documents prove that these abuses are not isolated cases but are, in fact, a matter of established government policy. It is worth noting that these properties were in the possession of the Bahá’ís since the mid-1800s. Members of the Bahá’í community across Iran receive threatening telephone calls, text messages, and anonymous letters, and they encounter anti-Bahá’í pamphlets in shops, schools, and other public places. The canonical texts are the writings of the Báb, Bahá’u’lláh, `Abdu’l-Bahá, Shoghi Effendi and the Universal House of Justice, and the authenticated talks of `Abdu’l-Bahá. Following the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the government commenced a systematic campaign to deny Bahá’ís the right to work and employment in violation of Article 23.1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Part III and Article 6 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Mrs. Noura Pourmoradian has been sentenced to 5 years for the charge of formation of a group in opposition to the regime and to one year of imprisonment under tazir law for propaganda against the regime. The Bahá'í faith is one of the youngest of the world's major religions. Based on the comparison done on the published census by the Iranian center for census, during the years prior 1375 (1996), less than 40,000 Baha’is were living in Iran; but the universal house of justice (the center for the Baha’i organization located at Israel) has announced this statistics as … (Burkina Faso), In violation of UPR recommendations Rec #138.28: Make all efforts to guarantee and to protect the rights and freedoms enshrined in the international instruments the country is a party to. ... Judaism, and Zoroastrianism and does not recognize Bahaism. Iran has, to date, been reviewed three times under the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), in February 2010, in October 2014, and more recently in November 2019. Moreover, because Iranian Bahá’ís have long been denied access to all means of communication with the public, they cannot counter the lies and misinformation propagated about them and their religion, which, in many cases, come from those who give the Iranian people guidance in spiritual matters. The latest verdict increases her total sentence to 7 years. However, the Bahá’í International Community, in a recent analysis of the implementation of these recommendations, accepted by Iran in 2010 and 2014, confirmed that not a single one has yet been implemented. The authorities attempt to actively and pre-emptively deny legal recourse to those already subject to mistreatment under discriminatory regulations. On 1 June 2020, the home of Mrs. Mahboubeh Missaghian in Yazd was searched by the security forces and, after confiscation of the usual items, she was arrested. It states that “[t]he government’s dealings with [Bahá’ís] must be in such a way that their progress and development are blocked”. In the last year, there have been 66 arrests. Given the restrictions in the country barring Bahá’í students from obtaining higher education, Mrs. Samizadeh completed her studies through the BIHE. Moreover, there have been at least 83 attacks against Bahá’í cemeteries in different localities throughout Iran since August 2005. In many cities, for example, the authorities systematically seal Bahá’í-owned shops, giving spurious reasons for doing so. Mrs. Elaheh Samizadeh was sentenced to six years in prison by Branch 1 of Shiraz Revolutionary Court, presided over by Judge Seyed Mahmoud Sadati, on charges of “propaganda against the regime and membership in opposition groups” Ms. Samizadeh is the mother of a toddler boy, and charges brought up against her for “propaganda against the regime” and “collaborating” with “dissident “groups” are because she worked as an arts instructor for children. Just as America, Israel… As a psychologist, Ms. Kamalabadi would understand this very well. In addition, other government documents have been identified that indicate that this discriminatory treatment represents formal and settled official state policy. It was learnt in January 2020 that the Court of Appeals of Semnan Province sentenced Mr. Behnam Eskandarian to three and a half years imprisonment, Mr. Ardeshir Fanaian to six years imprisonment, and Mrs. Yalda Firouzian to two and a half years of imprisonment under tazir law. In many localities, graffiti is spray-painted in and on Bahá’í cemeteries, houses, shops, orchards, and vehicles. Bahai persecution in Iran Iranian Bahais are deprived of freedom of religion as stated in Article 18 of the Core International Human Rights Treaties. (Romania). It was further reported that she was recently arrested again in Yazd and sentenced to six years’ imprisonment under the charges of deception of the complainant in luring [her] towards Baha’ism, propaganda against the Islamic Republic and participation in groups in opposition to the Islamic Republic of Iran. On 29 August 1983, the Iranian Attorney General announced a legal ban on all Bahá’í administrative and community activities in Iran, making membership of Bahá’í administrative institutions a criminal offence. The decision has been appealed to the Court of Appeal. He was notified of the court decision on 19 June 2020. R E L I G I O N: Baha i of Iran, a Brief History : by: Amin Banani Encyclopedia Iranica: Page 1 of 2 : Bahaism as a religion had as its background two earlier and much different movements in nineteenth-century Shi ʿ ite Shaikhism (following Shaikh Aḥmad Aḥsā ʾ ī [q.v.]) Five Bahai women in Mashhad, northeastern Iran, were sentenced to a total of five years of prison by the Revolutionary Court. Every year, hundreds of Bahá’í students are denied enrolment to universities and other institutions of higher education such as vocational training schools under the pretext of having an “incomplete file”. It was learnt in June 2020 that Mr. Tooraj Amini, whose home in Karaj had been searched on 4 August 2019, was sentenced by the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Karaj to one year of imprisonment under tazir law and two years’ exile. 6 months imprisonment by Branch 104 of the Criminal Court in Ghaemshahr. In effect, by failing to abide by the commitments and assurances it made to the international community, Iran has gravely undermined the entire UPR process. (Armenia), Rec #138.53: Strengthen and expand interreligious and intercultural dialogue. The campaign initially targeted many Bahá’ís of influence and those who served on Bahá’í administrative institutions at the local and national levels. Mahnaz Raoufi: There isn’t any freedom in Baha’ism, The indecent happiness of Baha’ism due to a Muslim woman who had been beaten, Baha'i population in Nepal falls from 0.01% (in 2001) to 0.0% (in 2011). Since the mid-nineteenth century, early adherents of the Faith faced violent opposition from the ruling establishment in Iran, which responded to its growth with fierce opposition, inciting violence against followers of the new religion. Iraqi official denies Bahaism as religion. A Bahá'í teacher was sent to Bombay in 1872 and that marked the beginning of the religion in India. Nahid Naimi (Missaghian), Ms. Bushra Mostafavi (Naimi), and Ms. Didar Ahmadi (Naimi)—were arrested by the agents of the Intelligence Office in Rafsanjan. Eventually, human being is in one ... She was really enthusiastic about going to mosque and listening to the call of Islam, first. The materials present a wide range of completely false allegations. On 22 May 2020, Mrs. Samizadeh was sentenced by Branch 105 of Shiraz Criminal Court, presided over by Judge Fakharzadeh to a further 1 year of imprisonment under tazir law and two years’ ban from public service, i.e. On 26 March 2018, the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei issued, via his website, a new religious decree (fatwa) concerning “association and dealing with Bahá’ís”. But don’t take it from me. They were all released in 2018 after having completed their unjust sentences. They were each issued with heavy sentences by the court: Mr. Navid Bazmandegan and his wife, Mrs. Bahareh Ghaderi, who were arrested in connection with their environmental activities, were each sentenced to five years of imprisonment for the charge of formation of a group in opposition to the regime and to one year of imprisonment under tazir law for the charge of propaganda against the regime; Mr. Ehsan Mahboube-Rahe-Fada was sentenced to 1 year of imprisonment under tazir law for the charge of propaganda against the regime; Ms. Soudabeh Haghighat was sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment, charged with formation of a group in opposition to the regime and to 1 year of imprisonment under tazir law for propaganda against the regime totalling a prison sentence of 6 years. On 18 June 2020 Mr. Shahriar Atrian was sentenced in absentia and without the presence of a lawyer by the Court of Appeal of Fars Province for propaganda activities against the regime and in groups against the regime to six years’ imprisonment under tazir law. In violation of UPR recommendation Rec #138.221: Ensure the freedom of religion and belief for all citizens of Iran. The Baháʼí Faith (/ b ə ˈ h ɑː iː, b ə ˈ h aɪ /; Persian: بهائی ‎ Bahāʼi) is a new religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity of all people. These individuals disappeared without a trace, presumably the victims of extrajudicial killings, although the government authorities have never admitted to this fact. Why are the Baha’is claiming while there are many contradiction in their creed?! This persecution has impacted the lives of generations, from young infants to the frail elderly. It is important to note that Ms. Haghighat, Mrs. Hakimi, Mrs. Pourmoradian, and Ms. Samizadeh were arrested by the Intelligence Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Shiraz for working in preschools and daycares as teachers, educators, and child counsellors. In particular, a letter from Tehran’s Amaken (Public Places Supervision Office) dated 9 April 2007 confirms orders to the commanders of police and heads of intelligence and security throughout its province that members of the “perverse Bahaist sect” must be prevented from engaging in certain occupations. The Báb claimed he was the Imam Mahdi and thus he had equal status to Muhammad with the power, which he exercised, to abrogate the final provisions of Islamic law. National and provincial budgets have included allocations for “educational” programmes to “confront” the Bahá’í Faith, and official organs have been established and dedicated to that purpose. Over the past decade there has been a major upsurge in human rights violations. The Bahá'í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. In 2010, Iran accepted a number of recommendations, while also claiming that some others had either already been implemented, or were in the process of implementation. No data displayed on the module. He stated that, “[y]ou should avoid any association and dealings with this perverse and misguided sect.”, The official policy of the Iranian government against their Bahá’í citizens is summarized in a government memorandum. Bahaism is an Oriental humanism, a socialistic pipe-dream, and a system contrary to the revealed Word of God. Please check some parameters in the module settings again! In 2014, of the 10 recommendations that dealt specifically with the situation of the Bahá’ís, only two of them were partially accepted by the Iranian government. Baha’is, who are Iran’s largest non-Muslim religious minority, are routinely arrested, detained, and imprisoned. ... after he was sent into exile from Iran in 1853 during Qajar Dynasty rule. NEW YORK — Government authorities in Iran have destroyed a Baha'i holy site, the Baha'i International Community has learned. On the night of June 18th, 1983, the Islamic revolutionary authorities in Shiraz, Iran, hanged ten women and teenage girls for refusal to deny their belief in the Baha'i Faith. Since August 2016, hundreds of influential figures, including clerics, religious figures, academics, editors, and government representatives have publicly issued speeches, articles, or written declarations against the Bahá’ís. He proclaimed a spiritual doctrine emphasizing the forthcoming appearance of a new prophet or messenger of God who would overturn old beliefs and customs and usher in a new era. A major doctrine of "Twelver" Shi'ite Islam is the expected return of the 12th imam (successor of Muhammad), who will renew religion and guide the faithful. How was the proselytizing organization of the Baha’ism establishment created? Established by Baháʼu'lláh in 1863, it initially grew in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception. Most alarming are their rationales that Bahá’ís should not be buried in Muslim cemeteries because they are considered najis (unclean) and they are not “people of the Book [Qur’an].” When Bahá’ís are provided property to use as a cemetery, oftentimes officials fail to respect the rights of the deceased Bahá’ís to be buried according to Bahá’í laws. They were each sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment and, in 2015, their sentences were belatedly reduced to 10 years, in compliance with amendments to the Iranian Penal Code. by Wahied Wahdat-Hagh. In 2010, Iran accepted a number of recommendations, while also claiming that some others had either already been implemented, or were in the process of implementation. Since the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, Iranian Bahais have been systematically persecuted as a matter of government policy. The case is being appealed. On 22 April 2020, Mr. Farough Izadinia was sentenced by Branch 36 of the Court of Appeal, presided over by Justice Ahmad Zargar, to ten years’ imprisonment under tazir law for acting against national security through management of Bahá’í administration. It is an official policy of the government to expel individuals from universities and vocational training institutions as soon as they are identified as members of the Bahá’í community. Are the Baha’is Muslims? However, the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran only recognizes Islam, Christianity, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism and does not recognize Bahaism. In 1946-50 the national Spiritual Assembly of the Bahais of Iran adopted a six-point plan for spreading Bahaism and for improving the status of women. This is because the authorities have barred the use of Tabriz and Sanadaj Bahá’í Cemeteries. From the early 1980s, Bahá’ís have suffered under a new wave of persecution, this time systematic and, clearly, state-sponsored. At the first national convention of the Bahais of Iran, held in Tehran over a period of eight days beginning on April 26, 1934, the first national Spiritual Assembly (maḥfel-e rūḥānī-e mellī) of the Bahais of Iran, a milestone in the history of the Bahai community, with its seat … Below is a recent example: It was learnt in July 2020 that the cemetery of Taft—a region in the province of Yazd—which had been confiscated from the Bahá’is shortly after the revolution in 1979, is now being divided and sold. Government-led attacks on the country’s largest non-Muslim religious minority have re-intensified over the last 12 years. The most recent UPR cycle is not being used because its report is still to be adopted in March 2020. Since he came to power, we have documented at least 498 arrests of Bahá’ís and 95 summons to prison. While the forged prophet of. In order to confront the heavenly, Bahaismiran: The Baháʼí Faith was established in 1863 by Baháʼu'lláh in Iran. The religion grew because of the nature of the pro… He reportedly also said if the Iranian nation so decides, it can eliminate “Bahaism” in Iran as it did with the Pahlavi regime. Since the start of the year, there has been an increase in the number of lengthy prison sentences handed down by the courts. in Iran. In the years that immediately followed, members subsequently elected to this council, as well as scores of other Bahá’ís, were executed by the government without due process of law. This letter was the final act of the National Spiritual Assembly before it voluntarily dissolved itself and the rest of the administrative structures within the country as a demonstration of goodwill towards the government. It was learnt in June 2020 that Mrs. Vida Haghighi Najafabadi (Parvini), resident of Vilashahr, Isfahan—who had been arrested nine years ago in Vilashahr and who had after three years been sentenced by the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Yazd to one year of imprisonment under tazir law and one year of suspended sentence—was summoned to the police station in Vilashahr where she was arrested and transferred, at the instruction of the prosecutor’s office, to Dolatabad Prison in Isfahan for the enforcement of her order, six years after receiving her sentence. Baha’ism which is claiming, Bahaismiran: #138.50: Continue its policies and initiatives aimed at the promotion of dialogue, cooperation and tolerance between different cultures and religions of the national minorities of Iran. In hundreds of cases, the authorities have taken measures to make it nearly impossible for Bahá’ís to earn a living. It is important to note that the above figure includes shops that have been forcibly closed and sealed for spurious reasons, approximately 739 since 2013, many of which have not been allowed to reopen. In response to this announcement, in an open letter dated 3 September 1983, addressed to Iranian authorities, the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of Iran detailed the abuses faced by the Bahá’ís in the Islamic Republic, and appealed to the Iranian people and the Islamic government to restore their rights as Iranian citizens and as human beings. Looser government authority in that decade allowed an increase in major mob attacks on Bahais, such as those at Ābāda in May of 1944, and at Šāhrūd in July-August of 1944. This type of demonization of Baha’is has a long history in Iran. The agents, who identified themselves as the officers of the municipality, entered one of the homes invasively by climbing the wall. The warrant had been issued by the judicial authority of Kerman for Rafsanjan, and most likely the arrestees were transferred to Kerman. There is a proverb that goes: “Either be Roman or ring the bell”. The unjust conditions under which these innocent individuals were being held is now further compounded by the risk of being unnecessarily exposed to the virus in Iran’s overcrowded prison system. They include Aftab News, Basij News, Fars News, Ferghe News, Hawzah News, Iranian Quran News Agency (IQNA), QudsOnline, Rasa News, and Shabestan News. and Babism. The following case represents an example of economic persecution: On 4 November 2019, the Special Court for Article 49 of the Constitution decided to confiscate all of the properties belonging to Bahá’ís in the Village of Ivel. (Chile), Iranian Bahá’ís have long been denied access to higher education. These individuals were initially arrested on 30 April 2019. These young Bahá’ís participate in the national examination and receive high scores making them eligible for entry into university, and yet, they are denied the right to education only because they are Bahá’ís. Mr. Shahidi, who is a jeweller, had about two kilograms of gold and a substantial amount of coins and dollars to the value of 300 million tuman (approximately $72,000 USD), which were confiscated by the authorities at the time of his arrest. Baha’is in Iran plagued by worsening ‘systematic persecution’ Member of 300,000-strong community who fled Islamic Republic describes life under oppressive regime. India has the world’s largest population of Bahá'í people approximating 1,897,651 members by 2015. Moreover, since 2006, various trade associations, unions, and business organisations have been instructed to compile lists of Bahá’ís in every type of employment under their purview. The section that defined the “educational and cultural status” of adherents to the Bahá’í Faith includes the instruction that “[t]hey must be expelled from universities, either in the admissions process or during the course of their studies, once it becomes known that they are Bahá’ís.”. The letter stipulates that Bahá’ís must be denied work permits and licenses for over 25 kinds of specifically-listed businesses and are barred from any other “high-earning businesses”. The faith was proclaimed by a … In all cases, the dissemination was sponsored and/or approved by the State. Whenever a student has identified as a Bahá’í, they have been expelled. Even during the academic year, university authorities have summoned students and demanded that they identify their religion. Produced in 1991 by Iran’s Supreme Revolutionary Cultural Council and approved by the Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, this document, entitled ‘The Bahá’í Question’, sets forth specific guidelines for dealing with the Bahá’ís. Summary of the current situation of Baha’is in Iran, Following the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979, members of the Bahá’í Faith—the largest religious minority in the country—have been subjected to a relentless campaign of persecution. It grew out of the Shi'ite branch of the Muslim faith. It contains selected works of Bahá’u’lláh, the Báb, ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá, Shoghi Effendi, and the Universal House of Justice, as well as other Bahá’í texts. However, the court considered her diploma received from the BIHE as illegitimate. Since 2014, Iranian authorities have intensified their discriminatory policies and practices towards members of the Bahá’í Faith through different measures of economic disruption. It was learnt in May 2020 that Mr. Farzan Masoumi and Mr. Farham Sabet, two Baha’is living in Shiraz, were sentenced—by the First Branch of the Shiraz Revolutionary Court presided over by Judge Seyyed Mahmoud Sadati—to 6 years in prison each on charges of “propaganda activity against the regime” and “membership in anti-regime groups.”. The Baha'i faith was founded in the mid-19th century C.E. In violation of UPR recommendation Rec. Then, she hated the ... Bahaismiran: Without fail, these secondary sources of slander contain the very same malicious lies and incendiary language found in media affiliated with and controlled and sanctioned by the government as listed below. In 2008, all seven members of the Yárán, or “the Friends”—an ad hoc group tending to the social and spiritual needs of the Bahá’í community in Iran, created because of the ban on Bahá’í administration and with the knowledge and approval of the government—were arrested.   Attaching to foreign institutions in Iran for survival Part 1: Cooperating with English institution in Iran - 12 Oct 2020 Baha’ism isn’t intellectual - 09 Oct 2020 Why am not I a Baha’i? The writings of the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh are considered as divine revelation, the writings and talks of `Abdu’l-Bahá and the writings of Shoghi Effendi as authoritative interpretation, and those of the Universal House of Justice as authoritative legislation and elucidation. holding of any government, and public job. Those who are arrested suffer ill-treatment at the hands of governmental officials. The sections that follow provide an overview of the current situation of the Bahá’ís in Iran in relation to the second cycle UPR and contain a sample of the latest reported and confirmed cases of persecution. Mulla Saeed Barforoushi is one of the renowned, For each color, the params below will give default values, Baha’ism and the American prescription called the century deal for the Palestine land. Chief among these is a communication sent in 2006 by the Central Security Office of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, and addressed to 81 Iranian universities, the names of which were listed. During the first decade of this persecution, more than 200 Baha'is were killed or executed, hundreds more were tortured or imprisoned, and tens of thousands lost jobs, access to education, and other rights – all solely because of their religious belief. Religious minority, are routinely arrested, detained, and Zoroastrianism and does not recognize.! 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